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Preventing the damage that a Trojan Horse infection like JanelaRAT may cause on your system requires vigilance and attentiveness to small symptoms. Therefore, if you detect any unusual changes in your system settings, the presence of unfamiliar files or applications, and sudden malfunctions of your antivirus software, you should immediately check your computer for Trojans, as they are known to cause these types of issues, including to disable the existing security software. Additionally, you can keep an eye on your internet browser for unexpected pop-ups leading to suspicious websites or random ads. Addressing these warning signs promptly allows you to effectively remove JanelaRAT and ensure the safety and security of your digital device.

JanelaRAT 1024x783
The JanelaRAT malware detected by multiple antivirus programs in VirusTotal

What is JanelaRAT?

JanelaRAT is a versatile Trojan Horse that sets itself apart from traditional viruses and worms by relying on deceit rather than replication to infiltrate systems. It skillfully disguises itself as legitimate software or alluring downloads that make it challenging to detect and lures users into willingly installing it on their computers without suspicion. Once successfully inside your system, this crafty malware gives hackers unauthorized access, allowing them to execute a range of malicious activities. From stealthily pilfering sensitive data to causing havoc by destroying files and introducing other malware, each attack manifests unique characteristics and poses distinct risks. To protect your computer from JanelaRAT, take the time to understand the guide below and remove all Trojan related files.

Is JanelaRAT a Virus?

Distinguishing between Trojan Horses like JanelaRAT and computer viruses is crucial, as they operate very differently despite being created for malicious purposes. Computer viruses have the ability to independently replicate and spread, in this way infecting other files and systems and causing widespread harm. In contrast, Trojan Horses rely on stealth and deception to infiltrate systems and to stay there for as long as possible. They often mask themselves as harmless or attractive programs to deceive users. Unlike viruses, Trojans such as JanelaRAT, BGAUpsell.exe, Pinaview don’t replicate but can serve as a backdoor that allows hackers to gain unauthorized access and control over the compromised system. This access empowers the cybercriminals to perform various malicious actions, such as stealing valuable data or corrupting the entire system.

The JanelaRAT Virus

Trojan Horses utilize deceit to propagate on different computer systems. Among them, the JanelaRAT virus stands out with its use of some very clever means of distribution such as phishing emails containing malicious attachments or misleading links. Once users unknowingly open these emails or click on the deceptive links, the Trojan is activated. In addition, attackers skillfully disguise the JanelaRAT virus as legitimate software, disseminating it through unofficial websites. Unfortunately, a single visit to a malicious websites or falling victim to spam campaigns can also result in a Trojan infection. Moreover, some cybercriminals employ tactics, such as enticing users with false software updates or appealing offers, to help the malware’s distribution. Understanding these common methods empowers users to adopt proactive measures to protect their systems from the sneaky Trojan threat.

The JanelaRAT Malware

The essence of protecting your computer from JanelaRAT attacks lies in proactive defense. What each regular web user can do is install reputable antivirus and anti-malware software that can efficiently detect and eliminate Trojans. Making regular updates for their operating system, applications, and security software is also crucial, as cyber attackers are keen on exploiting vulnerabilities in outdated software. Additionally, caution should be exercised when dealing with links or attachments from unfamiliar sources, especially in emails or messages from unknown senders. Users can also enhance their security by enabling a firewall, which closely monitors incoming and outgoing network traffic. By adopting these effective security measures, everyone can effectively reduce the risk of falling prey to JanelaRAT attacks.


Type Trojan
Detection Tool

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JanelaRAT Removal

To try and remove JanelaRAT quickly you can try this:

  1. Go to your browser’s settings and select More Tools (or Add-ons, depending on your browser).
  2. Then click on the Extensions tab.
  3. Look for the JanelaRAT extension (as well as any other unfamiliar ones).
  4. Remove JanelaRAT by clicking on the Trash Bin icon next to its name.
  5. Confirm and get rid of JanelaRAT and any other suspicious items.

If this does not work as described please follow our more detailed JanelaRAT removal guide below.

If you have a Windows virus, continue with the guide below.

If you have a Mac virus, please use our How to remove Ads on Mac guide.

If you have an Android virus, please use our Android Malware Removal guide.

If you have an iPhone virus, please use our iPhone Virus Removal guide.

Some of the steps may require you to exit the page. Bookmark it for later reference.
Next, Reboot in Safe Mode (use this guide if you don’t know how to do it).

Step1 Uninstall the JanelaRAT app and kill its processes

The first thing you must try to do is look for any sketchy installs on your computer and uninstall anything you think may come from JanelaRAT. After that, you’ll also need to get rid of any processes that may be related to the unwanted app by searching for them in the Task Manager.

Note that sometimes an app, especially a rogue one, may ask you to install something else or keep some of its data (such as settings files) on your PC – never agree to that when trying to delete a potentially rogue software. You need to make sure that everything is removed from your PC to get rid of the malware. Also, if you aren’t allowed to go through with the uninstallation, proceed with the guide, and try again after you’ve completed everything else.

  • Uninstalling the rogue app
  • Killing any rogue processes

Type Apps & Features in the Start Menu, open the first result, sort the list of apps by date, and look for suspicious recently installed entries.

Click on anything you think could be linked to JanelaRAT, then select uninstall, and follow the prompts to delete the app.

delete suspicious JanelaRAT apps

Press Ctrl + Shift + Esc, click More Details (if it’s not already clicked), and look for suspicious entries that may be linked to JanelaRAT.

If you come across a questionable process, right-click it, click Open File Location, scan the files with the free online malware scanner shown below, and then delete anything that gets flagged as a threat.

Each file will be scanned with up to 64 antivirus programs to ensure maximum accuracy
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This file is not matched with any known malware in the database. You can either do a full real-time scan of the file or skip it to upload a new file. Doing a full scan with 64 antivirus programs can take up to 3-4 minutes per file.
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Each file will be scanned with up to 64 antivirus programs to ensure maximum accuracy
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    Delete JanelaRAT files and quit its processes.

    After that, if the rogue process is still visible in the Task Manager, right-click it again and select End Process.

    Step2 Undo JanelaRAT changes made to different system settings

    It’s possible that JanelaRAT has affected various parts of your system, making changes to their settings. This can enable the malware to stay on the computer or automatically reinstall itself after you’ve seemingly deleted it. Therefore, you need to check the following elements by going to the Start Menu, searching for specific system elements that may have been affected, and pressing Enter to open them and see if anything has been changed there without your approval. Then you must undo any unwanted changes made to these settings in the way shown below:

    • DNS
    • Hosts
    • Startup
    • Task
    • Services
    • Registry

    Type in Start Menu: View network connections

    Right-click on your primary network, go to Properties, and do this:

    Undo DNS changes made by JanelaRAT

    Type in Start Menu: C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc\hosts

    Delete JanelaRAT IPs from Hosts

    Type in the Start Menu: Startup apps

    Disable JanelaRAT startup apps

    Type in the Start Menu: Task Scheduler

    Delete JanelaRAT scheduled tasks

    Type in the Start Menu: Services

    Disable JanelaRAT services

    Type in the Start Menu: Registry Editor

    Press Ctrl + F to open the search window

    Clear the Registry from JanelaRAT items



    About the author


    Lidia Howler

    Lidia is a web content creator with years of experience in the cyber-security sector. She helps readers with articles on malware removal and online security. Her strive for simplicity and well-researched information provides users with easy-to-follow It-related tips and step-by-step tutorials.

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