Ransomware

Remove .Refols File Virus Ransomware (+File Recovery)


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This page aims to help you remove .Refols Virus Ransomware for free. Our instructions also cover how any .Refols file can be recovered.

Ransomware viruses are terrible computer threats that are typically used for money extortion through blackmailing the attacked users. There are several different types of Ransomware viruses such as screen-lockers, leakware and cryptoviruses but today we will be focusing only on the latter subcategory – the cryptovirus Ransomware subclass. One recent cryptovirus version is the reason we decided to write this article – the name of the newly-released threat is .Refols and many users have already experienced the harmful consequences of getting their machines infected by this piece of malicious software. If you want to learn more about .Refols and its main characteristics or if you are currently looking for a way to have it removed from your computer system, our advise for you is to keep on reading.

.Refols Ransomware

.Refols File Encryption

About .Refols Virus

.Refols, as we already stated above, is a cryptovirus Ransomware program – it can encrypt the personal files of the user, thus rendering them inaccessible until a ransom transaction is made to the hacker who controls the malware. According to the attackers, if the victim pays the requested money, the cyber-criminals will send a decryption key to the user which would allow the latter to regain access to the locked-up data. However, here we must mention that there are no guarantees regarding the recovery of the sealed data. With Ransomware, one could never be certain that the data would be restored even if they agree to make the payment. After all, the hackers couldn’t care less whether you get your files back or not – for them its all about extorting the money from their victims. After the ransom payment is executed, the online criminals might simply decide that they won’t send the decryption key to the users. Sure, most of the time the key is indeed send to the victims and they can use it to regain their data, yet the instances where this didn’t really happen despite the payment having been made are numerous. Therefore, most researchers advise Ransomware victims to seek alternative methods for handling with such an infection before they resort to the money-payment “option”. Here, we can offer one such alternative – a removal guide for .Refols with several decryption methods included in a separate section.

We can’t promise you that all of your data will be restored if you use our instructions because this Ransomware is one of the latest and likely one of the most advanced but we still believe that giving a try to our guide is certainly something you should do before considering the ransom transaction as a possible way out of this. Again – you can never be sure that you won’t simply be wasting your money for nothing if you decide to pay to the criminals who are blackmailing you.

.Refols’s Encryption

One of the main things that makes Ransomware cryptoviruses so devastating is because in nearly all instances of an infection by them, the users are unable to detect and intercept the malware’s activity before it gets too late and the files have already been locked-up by the malware. The reason behind this is typically the encryption process used to make the data inaccessible. You see, this process doesn’t really harm anything – no files corrupted, no damage done to the computer system. Due to this, a lot of antivirus tools do not mark the ongoing encryption process as something hazardous or malicious. Naturally, this allows the virus to fully carry out its task of locking the user’s data and once this process is over, decryption could only be achieved through the key that only the hackers possess. There are other possible methods of restoring the data but their effectiveness is inconsistent. After the encryption is finished and the virus has generated a ransom-demanding note on the infected PC where the details on how to make the payment are stated, it doesn’t really matter if the virus stays or if it gets removed – the files would still remain locked. Still, remember that before attempting to unlock anything, you must still make sure that the malware is gotten rid of so that it won’t be able to re-encrypt any data that you manage to unseal.

Protection against .Refols and other Ransomware

In order to stop future Ransomware infections from infiltrating your machine, you ought to be really careful online – stay away from shady web-ads, questionable websites, odd-looking Internet requests, pop-ups and banners, spam e-mails and other forms of spam messages or any other web content that doesn’t seem to be reliable. Also, get yourself a good antivirus as you will need that extra protection against other viruses such as Trojan Horses that can be used to sneak Ransomware viruses like .Refols inside your system without you realizing it. Lastly, it is incredibly important to have your important data files backed up on a separate location where no Ransomware can reach them – this is a highly-effective precaution against .Refols and other similar infections.

SUMMARY:

Name .Refols
Type Ransomware
Danger Level High (Ransomware is by far the worst threat you can encounter)
Symptoms Ransomware viruses rarely show any symptoms but there could still be potential RAM and CPU spikes as potential infection signs.
Distribution Method Shady ads, misleading online requests, spam messages to your e-mail or social network accounts or through other viruses used as backdoor (usually, Trojan Horses).
Data Recovery Tool Currently Unavailable
Detection Tool

Remove .Refols Virus Ransomware


 

Step1

Some of the steps will likely require you to exit the page. Bookmark it for later reference.

Reboot in Safe Mode (use this guide if you don’t know how to do it).

Step2

WARNING! READ CAREFULLY BEFORE PROCEEDING!

Press CTRL + SHIFT + ESC at the same time and go to the Processes Tab. Try to determine which processes are dangerous. 

malware-start-taskbar

Right click on each of them and select Open File Location. Then scan the files with our free online virus scanner:

Drag and Drop Files Here to Scan
Maximum file size: 128MB.

This scanner is free and will always remain free for our website's users. You can find its full-page version at: https://howtoremove.guide/online-virus-scanner/




Scan Results


Virus Scanner Result
ClamAV
AVG AV
Maldet


After you open their folder, end the processes that are infected, then delete their folders. 

After you open their folder, end the processes that are infected, then delete their folders. 

Note: If you are sure something is part of the infection – delete it, even if the scanner doesn’t flag it. No anti-virus program can detect all infections.

Step3

Hold the Start Key and R –  copy + paste the following and click OK:

notepad %windir%/system32/Drivers/etc/hosts

A new file will open. If you are hacked, there will be a bunch of other IPs connected to you at the bottom. Look at the image below:

hosts_opt (1)

If there are suspicious IPs below “Localhost” – write to us in the comments.

Type msconfig in the search field and hit enter. A window will pop-up:

msconfig_opt

Go in Startup —> Uncheck entries that have “Unknown” as Manufacturer.

  • Please note that ransomware may even include a fake Manufacturer name to its process. Make sure you check out every process here is legitimate.

Step4

WARNING!
To remove parasite, you may have to meddle with system files and registries. Making a mistake and deleting the wrong thing may damage your system.
Avoid this by using SpyHunter - a professional Parasite removal tool.

Keep in mind, SpyHunter’s malware & virus scanner is free. To remove the infection, you'll need to purchase its full version. More information about SpyHunter and steps to uninstall.

Type Regedit in the windows search field and press EnterOnce inside, press CTRL and F together and type the virus’s Name. 

Search for the ransomware  in your registries and delete the entries. Be extremely careful –  you can damage your system if you delete entries not related to the ransomware.

Type each of the following in the Windows Search Field:

  1. %AppData%
  2. %LocalAppData%
  3. %ProgramData%
  4. %WinDir%
  5. %Temp%

Delete everything in Temp. The rest just check out for anything recently added. Remember to leave us a comment if you run into any trouble!

Step5 

How to Decrypt .Refols files

We have a comprehensive (and daily updated) guide on how to decrypt your files. Check it out here.

If the guide doesn’t help, download the anti-virus program we recommended or try our free online virus scanner. Also, you can always ask us in the comments for help!


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